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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 10, 2012

Institutional and Economic Determinants of FDI: A Comparison between the European Union and the MENA Region

Aurora Galego and José Manuel Caetano

Abstract

FDI flows to the MENA region have been relatively low when compared to neighboring countries. This paper aims at investigating whether there are significant region-specific factors for FDI performance in MENA and EU regions. We employ a panel data approach and use the inward FDI performance index as dependent variable, including both institutional and macroeconomic variables as FDI determinants. The results reveal similar impact of the economic factors but significant differences between the two regions with regard to institutional determinants particularly investment climate, government size and trade barriers. This leads to the conclusion that more appropriate policies are needed in the MENA region in order to develop a friendly economic and institutional environment to attract foreign investors.

Published Online: 2012-8-10

©2012 Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin/Boston

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