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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter Mouton 2020

14. Scholarly reviewing

Gerd Fritz

Abstract

The present article gives a survey of the practice of scholarly reviewing, dealing with basic parameters of reviews and their variation in various disciplines and providing a sketch of the history of reviewing and of the state of the art in research on reviewing. Basic parameters include the functional elements of reviews (e. g. summarizing a piece of scientific work, critically discussing such a work and evaluating it), topic management in reviews, and communication principles for reviews. Special emphasis is given to the role of evaluation in reviewing, which has been an important topic in recent research. Finally, present developments in the practice of reviewing are discussed, including open peer review, especially the introduction of online review sites with different publication systems, which, among other advantages, afford the opportunity to develop the basically monological practice of reviewing into an interactive enterprise.

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Munich/Boston