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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter Mouton 2020

27. Historical aspects of external science communication

Monika Hanauska

Abstract

For the last three decades, the science of external science communication has become a flourishing field of research. However, one can observe rather an orientation towards contemporary forms and developments of this field and a neglect of its historical roots. The following article will try to shed a light on historical aspects of external science communication by focusing on the historical conditions of its evolution. It will also highlight the actors who communicated scientific knowledge to various publics and the purposes they followed as well as the addressees of this external science communication. The focus will lie on the 19th century as the time of the rise of natural and technical sciences as well as on the 20th century as the century of mass media - two conditions, which had an essential impact on the further development of external science communication. For this, an additional aspect of this article will be the formats that emerged during the last centuries and which also reflect technical and medial developments. Communicating science to publics outside the academic field also meant that places and locations that were more accessible for various publics were established. The following article will give a short overview of those locations. Finally, the article will propose desiderata for future research in this field.

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Munich/Boston