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21. Der Kompromiss – ein sprachliches Handlungsmuster in der Politik

Reinhard Hopfer

Abstract

Compromise is a specific pattern of action which is used by political actors to coordinate their actions despite conflicting aims and interests. In order to realize this pattern of action certain input conditions (conflict competence, access to public communication, preparedness to negotiate, observance of peace) have to be fulfilled. For the said pattern of action certain maxims (conservation of identity, setting of limits, freedom of decision) must be guaranteed. From a linguistic point of view compromise must be defined as a network of at least five texts, two source texts, one target text (the compromise text itself) and two texts of ratification. The formulation task, i.e. the linguistic core problem of compromise, consists in overcoming the incompatibility of the two input texts in the target text through a number of linguistic operations.

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