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29. Metonymie, Synekdoche, Hyperbel, Antonomasie, Euphemismus und ihre Formen und Funktionen in der politischen Rede

Goulnara Wachowski

Abstract

This article presents a brief overview of the rhetorical tropes - metonymy, synecdoche, hyperbole, antonomasia and euphemism - and their use in political communication. First of all, it is important to clarify what the language of politics is, which are its characteristic subsystems and features and on which of its levels tropes typically appear. Besides definitions and explanations of the nature of the singular tropes in classical rhetoric, the problems of their distinction and semantic affinity will be shown and discussed. Last but not least the attempt is made to answer questions about the use and the significance of the rhetorical tropes in political language and what pragmatic effects could be achieved applying them in the political public. In addition, these observations will be underpinned with specific examples.

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