Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter 2020

4. On the minimum reactant concentration required to prepare Au/M core-shell nanoparticles by the one-pot microemulsion route

C. Tojo, D. Buceta and M. A. López-Quintela

Abstract

The minimum reactant concentration required to synthesize Au/M (M = Ag, Pt, Pd, Ru . . .) core-shell nanoparticles by the one-pot microemulsion route was calculated by a simulation model under different synthesis conditions. This minimum concentration was proved to depend on the reduction potential of the slower metal M and on the rigidity of the surfactant film composing the microemulsion. Model results were tested by comparing with Au/M nanoparticles taken from literature. In all cases, experimental data obey model predictions. From this agreement, one can conclude that the smaller the standard potential of the slower reduction metal, the lower the minimum concentration needed to obtain core-shell nanoparticles. In addition, the higher the surfactant flexibility, the higher the minimum concentration to synthesize metal segregated nanoparticles. Model prediction allows to quantify which is the best value of concentration to prepare different pairs of core-shell Au/M nanoparticles in terms of nature of M metal in the couple and microemulsion composition. This outlook may become an advanced tool for fine-tuning Au/M nanostructures.

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