Human activity increasingly takes place online, shaped and constrained by the invisible mechanisms of internet infrastructure. This chapter explores the relationship between Internet infrastructure and human values. It describes the values that today’s Internet enables, and how those values emerged during the historical development of the Internet. It then contrasts today’s Internet with the values that a future, very different Internet infrastructure might enable. This thought experiment represents only one possible future for Internet infrastructure, but it helps to illustrate how particular values might be more readily supported through new infrastructure designs.