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38. Der Kuttenberger Religionsfrieden 1485

From the book Handbuch Frieden im Europa der Frühen Neuzeit / Handbook of Peace in Early Modern Europe

  • Alexandra Schäfer-Griebel


The Religious Peace of Kutná Hora 1485 In 1485 the Bohemian estates concluded the first inter-Christian religious peace in Kutná Hora. This established a new political-juridical model for managing religious diversity. The peace resolved a dispute which originated with the emergence around 1400 of a reform movement which demanded the communio sub utraque (bread and wine). Initially, the dispute between Utraquists and traditionalists led to military conflict. The council of Basel sought to mediate an agreement, but another Hussite war followed. After peace was restored, the Bohemian king sought to marginalise and suppress the Utraquists but confederations of the Utraquist estates and a revolt in Prague forced new negotiations. The peace of Kutná Hora allowed each party to follow its own practices. Each subject had the right to choose the parish in which they received communion. From a religious point of view, the scope of the peace was limited, but the treaty provided a model which was widely adopted after the Reformation.

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