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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter Oldenbourg 2021

46. Der Westfälische Frieden 1648

Siegrid Westphal

Abstract

The Peace of Westphalia 1648 The Peace of Westphalia negotiated at Osnabrück and Münster, which ended the Thirty Years War (1618-48), is the key peace agreement of the early modern period; it also secured the domestic peace of the Holy Roman Empire until 1806. The peace congress which met from 1643 to 1649 was furthermore the first pan-European peace conference and it set a pattern for subsequent European peace congresses. It was a congress of ambassadors who developed a novel mode of negotiation; they acted upon and contributed to the developing notion of international law; and they developed distinctive solutions which set important precedents. This chapter begins with a survey of the background of the Thirty Years War. It then examines the content of the peace treaties and the significance of the Peace of Westphalia as a point of reference for future peace negotiations.

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