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47. Nijmegen, Rijswijk, Utrecht: The Peace Treaties of the Wars of Louis XIV

From the book Handbuch Frieden im Europa der Frühen Neuzeit / Handbook of Peace in Early Modern Europe

  • Klaas Van Gelder


In April 1713 France, Great Britain, the Dutch Republic and other minor states concluded peace in Utrecht. Together with the treaties of Rastatt and Baden in 1714, which also included the Habsburg Monarchy and the Holy Roman Empire, the Peace of Utrecht ended the brutal War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1713/14). Utrecht had not settled every issue, yet the treaties of 1713-14 finally halted the aggressive foreign policy of Louis XIV (1638-1715) and ensured the victory of international treaty law over national dynastic inheritance regulations. Utrecht also settled several long-standing problems that had also been discussed at Nijmegen (1678) and Rijswijk (1697). Together, these treaties helped reshape the international order and establish a European balance of power.

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