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A pragmatic account of directive strategies in Hindi

Ghanshyam Sharma

Abstract

The paper presents a pragmatic account of different directive strategies a speaker adopts when issuing commands in Hindi. It takes a pragmatic approach to analyze not only the canonical form of the Hindi imperative but also other sentence types which are employed to express directive illocutions. Furthermore, in analyzing the data to establish links between a linguistic unit and the illocution thereby conveyed, the paper takes a ‘form-to-illocution’ viewpoint rather than adopting the opposite entrenched ‘illocution-to-form’ approach. It does this by investigating various Hindi sentence types which are employed in diverse directive strategies to convey deontic modal meaning. The paper presents a modal account of various directive strategies in Hindi.

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