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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter Oldenbourg 2021

Antisemitic Caricatures in the Protectorate Press (1939–1945) and their Authors

Petr Karlíček

Abstract

This study analyses manifestations of antisemitism in Czech political caricatures shortly before and during World War II. It does not focus only on the caricatures themselves but on their most significant creators such as Karel Rélink, Dobroslav Haut and František Voborský. Their work, fully compliant with the requirements of the Nazi authorities, was not very imaginative, nor did it achieve the aggression and brutality of the cartoons that were being made at the same time in Nazi Germany itself or on Slovak territory. Considerable emphasis is also laid on the periodical in which the antisemitic cartoons appeared. Remarkable for example is the colour magazine Ejhle, which the Nazi authorities published from 1944 to 1945, that is, at a time when activities not absolutely necessary for carrying on the final phase of the war were being suppressed on the territory of the ‘old Reich’.

© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Munich/Boston