The term phantasia has been used by ancient scholars to point out different aspects of Aeschylean poetry, from the false mental image of a character caused by a disturbed state of mind (schol. Sept. 182-183a S.), to the icastic visualization realized by the poet through a skillful use of lexis (Anon. Subl. 3.1, 15.3-6, schol. Eum. 246b S.), to the (supposedly) spectacular visual effects of the stage production (scholl. Eum. 64b, 94a S.). For these three meanings different backgrounds are suggested, each reflecting some significant moment of Aeschylus’ Nachleben from the Hellenistic age onwards.