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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter Oldenbourg 2022

2 Counting Birds: Protecting European Avifauna and Habitats

From the book Greening Europe

  • Anna-Katharina Wöbse


This chapter sheds light on the environmental history of European birdpolitics and shifting human-animal relations in the long twentieth centuryby focusing on two overarching foci: the relations and interactions betweenhuman and non-human actors and between biology, geographies, and politics.The agency of migrating birds caused activities of ornithologists,preservationists, and policy-makers and both nourished and challenged ideasof European distinctiveness. Looking at the history of bird politics notonly provides insights into the Europeanization of routines, practices, andregime-building that were shaped by natural dynamics as well as human madeprocesses, but also reflects the fundamental changes that took place inEuropean land management during the twentieth century.

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