Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter Mouton 2020

Lanqas, negative concord and predicate negation in Maltese

From the book Maltese Linguistics on the Danube

Slavomír Čéplö and Christopher Lucas


This paper examines the interaction of the focus particle lanqas with predicate negation. Using corpus data, we provide a classification of syntactic constructions where such interaction occurs, based on whether lanqas serves as the sole negator, appears alongside the standard negative circumfix ma + -x or co-occurs with the negator la. We analyze and describe the patterns of use for each construction type, also noting the factors influencing the selection and its relationship to other syntactic phenomena, such as dislocation and verbal chains, and especially their effect on negative concord.

© 2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Munich/Boston
Downloaded on 29.1.2023 from
Scroll Up Arrow