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Rethinking the Relationship between Empirical Psychology and Transcendental Philosophy in Kant

Katharina T. Kraus

Abstract

This paper explores the transcendental sources that Kant’s philosophy is able to offer to empirical psychology as the study of the empirical aspects of the human mind. I argue that Kant’s transcendental philosophy defines a set of distinctive conditions in terms of an idea of reason - the idea of the soul - which gives systematic unity to psychological knowledge. The idea of the soul primarily serves as the most general genus-concept of the domain of inner nature, i. e., the idea defines what counts as a psychological phenomenon to be investigated in empirical psychology. In addition, the idea of the soul serves as a placeholder for the complete species-concept of an individual person.

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Munich/Boston
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