In recent years, the debate about Islamic spiritual care in Germany has expanded. For a long time, politicians have been pushing for the training of Muslim chaplains. Underpinned by socio-political developments, a process of realisation has taken place. Since the winter semester 2016/17, it is now possible to study Practical Islamic Theology for Chaplaincy and Social Work at the University of Tübingen. Many students have taken up the degree programme primarily out of interest. At the same time, the uncertainties and indeterminacies regarding the graduates’ professional perspectives are omnipresent and rather unclear. This chapter gives an overview of current developments in the master’s programme and discusses the current requirements and challenges within this field.