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13 Valence-changing constructions

Bruno Olsson

Abstract

This chapter describes constructions in which a verb is used with a different number of arguments compared to its standard use outside the construction. The five types of applicative constructions (marked by four prefixes on the verb) add an argument expressing an instrument or various types of patient-like participants to the clause, as described in §13.1. The only major valence-reducing structure in Coastal Marind is the Reciprocal, described in §13.2. There are no clear instances of grammaticalised causative or reflexive constructions in the language. §13.3 discusses some ways of expressing these concepts.

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