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BY-NC-ND 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter 2023

Institutional Libraries in Japan’s Classic Court Age (Heian Period, 794–1185)

From the book Libraries in the Manuscript Age

  • Ivo Smits


This paper treats three types of institutional libraries in classical Japan: royal libraries, libraries of private court academies, and monastic libraries. Two issues are explored: (1) whether we can speak of ‘institutional’ libraries or whether all libraries were in essence private libraries; and (2) which works were collected in libraries and which works do not surface in library records.

© 2023 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston
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