Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter June 1, 2005

Functional Characterisation of Dictyostelium Myosin II with Conserved Tryptophanyl Residue 501 Mutated to Tyrosine

R. Batra and D. J. Manstein
From the journal

Abstract

We created a Dictyostelium discoideum myosin II mutant in which the highly conserved residue Trp-501 was replaced by a tyrosine residue. The mutant myosin alone, when expressed in a Dictyostelium strain lacking the functional myosin II heavy chain gene, supported cytokinesis and multicellular development, processes which require a functional myosin in Dictyostelium. Additionally, we expressed the W501Y mutant in the soluble myosin head fragment M761-2R (W501Y-2R) to characterise the kinetic properties of the mutant myosin motor domain. The affinity of the mutant myosin for actin was approximately 6-fold decreased, but other kinetic properties of the protein were changed less than 2-fold by the W501Y mutation. Based on spectroscopic studies and structural considerations, Trp-501, corresponding to Trp-510 in chicken fast skeletal muscle myosin, has been proposed to be the primary ATP-sensitive tryptophanyl residue. Our results confirm these conclusions. While the wild-type construct displayed a 10% fluorescence increase, addition of ATP to W501Y-2R was not followed by an increase in tryptophan fluorescence emission.

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Published Online: 2005-06-01
Published in Print: 1999-07-01

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