Cdc37 associates with the heatshock protein 90 (Hsp90) molecular chaperone as one of several auxiliary proteins that are collectively referred to as Hsp90 cochaperones. Cdc37 has been proposed to be a specificity factor for Hsp90, directing it notably towards kinases. It is not known whether Cdc37 is essential for viability in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae because of Hsp90-dependent or independent functions or both. Sti1 and Cpr7 are nonessential Hsp90 cochaperones that bind to a common surface on Hsp90 through tetratricopeptide repeats (TPR). We have found that Sti1 is specifically retained from yeast extracts by immobilized Cdc37. Similarly, the endogenous proteins are also found in a complex. Moreover, purified recombinant Sti1 and Cdc37 interact in the complete absence of Hsp90. Complexes between Cdc37 and Sti1 are not unique to this TPR protein since endogenous Cdc37 can be copurified with exogenously expressed Cpr7 fused to glutathioneStransferase. The heterogeneity of Cdc37 complexes, both with and without Hsp90, may expand the functional diversity of Cdc37. Here we show that the combination of cdc37 and sti1 mutations is synthetically lethal, suggesting that direct contacts between Cdc37 and Sti1 may at least contribute to vital functions in yeast.
Copyright © 2002 by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG