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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter July 20, 2006

Extracellular granzymes: current perspectives

Marguerite S. Buzza and Phillip I. Bird
From the journal

Abstract

Granzyme A (GrA) and granzyme B (GrB) play key roles in the induction of target cell death induced by cytotoxic lymphocytes. Whilst these roles have been extensively studied, it is becoming apparent that both granzymes also possess extracellular activities. Soluble granzymes are found extracellularly in normal plasma and are elevated in a number of diseases, ranging from viral and bacterial infections to autoimmune diseases. Here, we discuss the current knowledge of extracellular granzyme substrates, inhibitors and functions; and the pathological consequences of extracellular granzymes in disease. In addition, we provide new evidence for the role of glycosaminoglycan-binding sites of granzymes in extracellular matrix remodeling.

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References

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Published Online: 2006-07-20
Published in Print: 2006-07-01

©2006 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin New York