Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter June 1, 2005

Symptoms of Eutrophication in Intertidal Macroalgal Assemblages of Nuevo Gulf (Patagonia, Argentina)

P. Díaz, J. J. López Gappa and M. L. Piriz
From the journal

Abstract

The city of Puerto Madryn, located within a section of Nuevo Gulf (Patagonia, Argentina) known as Nueva Bay, can be regarded as an important centre of anthropogenic impact. Intertidal assemblages of macroalgae were studied in order to test the hypothesis that the seaweed flora impacted by raw sewage would show significant differences in structure compared to that of control localities, mainly due to the increase in biomass of ephemeral and opportunist chlorophytes. Three rocky shores showing similar characteristics were selected. One of these was located near the sewage outfall of the city of Puerto Madryn. Two control shores were chosen approximately 30 km northward and southward of the latter. Four seasonal surveys were performed between June 1998 and April 1999. Biomass data of 35 macroalgal species were analysed by non-metric multidimensional scaling and the analysis of similarities permutation test. Species responsible for the differences between shores were identified by the similarity percentages routine. The macroalgal assemblage of the impacted site was significantly different from those of the two control shores throughout the year. Ulva rigida, Corallina officinalis and Ralfsia sp. were the species mostly responsible for these differences. Results indicate that the impacted shore showed signs consistent with an intermediate degree of eutrophication, particularly the increased abundance of the opportunist green alga Ulva rigida.

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Published Online: 2005-06-01
Published in Print: 2002-05-02

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