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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter June 1, 2005

Reticulocytes and Reticulated Platelets: Simultaneous Measurement in Whole Blood by Flow Cytometry

  • Stefano Rapi , Angela Ermini , Laura Bartolini , Anna Caldini , Alessandra Del Genovese , Anna Rosa Miele , Antonio Buggiani and Alessandra Fanelli
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Reticulated platelets are a fraction of newly released circulating elements characterized by a residual amount of RNA. It has been suggested that the reticulated platelet count, providing an estimate of thrombopoiesis in the same way as erythrocyte reticulocyte count is a measure of erythropoiesis, may be useful in the study of thrombocytopenic disorders. Reticulated red cells and platelets can be analyzed by flow cytometry using specific stains for nucleic acids such as Thiazole Orange and Auramine-O. The aim of our work was to perform the simultaneous evaluation of reticulated elements in whole blood using a standard flow cytometer and to correlate the results obtained with a dedicated cytometer. A group of 14 patients with abnormal absolute reticulocyte counts (range 1.1–11%) and a group of 41 patients showing a platelet discrimination error when analyzed with a dedicated flow cytometer (Sysmex R1000) were enrolled. Linear amplification of both scatter and fluorescence was used to perform reticulocyte count. A gate was set on platelet dimensions, and logarithmic amplification of scatter and fluorescence was used to count reticulated platelets. A good correlation was obtained both for results of reticulocyte count (r2 = 0.9825) and for reticulated platelets (r2 = 0.8717) between our method and those using dedicated instruments. These data show that reticulated platelet count may be easily introduced in clinical laboratories that routinely perform reticulocyte count by flow cytometry.

Published Online: 2005-06-01
Published in Print: 1998-04-30

Copyright © 1998 by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG

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