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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter June 1, 2005

On-Line Analysis of Electrolytes in Extracorporeally Circulating Blood: Application of a Rat Model to Examine the Effect of a Single Pharma-cological Dose of Melatonin on Electrolyte Levels in Blood

Jens P. Heidrich, Anja Niemeier, Michael Seyfarth and Leif Dibbelt
From the journal


An experimental model was developed to study the kinetics of electrolytes under different physiological and/or pathological conditions. The model was applied to investigate in vivothe effect of a pharmacological dose of melatonin on the concentrations of Ca2+, K+, Na+, and pH in the anticoagulated blood of anaesthetized male Wistar rats (250–350 g). After the application of 0.25 mg melatonin/kg body weight, injected intraperitoneally into each of 8 rats, the electrolytes were measured by a flow-through system with highly sensitive ion-selective electrodes. The results were compared to a control group (n=8) which was treated with diluent (saline). The electrolytes were monitored continuously via an extracorporeal circulation, on-going for at least 60 min. Melatonin induced a significant increase of blood Ca2+ (p<0.02) by an average of 9.9% after 60 min. However, total calcium concentration did not increase significantly. The extracorporeal circulation provoked an elevation of K+ by hemolysis. This K+ increase was slightly diminished by melatonin (p<0.06). No melatonin effects were seen on Na+, pH and magnesium in blood and plasma, respectively. Also, the urine concentrations of the electrolytes were not altered by melatonin. The mechanism by which melatonin influences the blood concentrations of ionized calcium and potassium is not yet understood.

Published Online: 2005-06-01
Published in Print: 2000-03-25

Copyright © 2000 by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG

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