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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter June 1, 2005

CYP3A4 and MDR1 Alleles in a Portuguese Population

  • Isa Cavaco , J. Pedro Gil , Eva Gil-Berglund and Vera Ribeiro
From the journal


Polymorphisms in cytochrome P450 CYP3A4 and multidrug resistance (MDR)1 genes coding for the important drugmetabolising CYP3A4 and the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter P-glycoprotein (Pgp) are poorly documented in the Portuguese population. In this study we have determined the frequencies of CYP3A4 and MDR1 alleles in Portuguese Caucasians. Both genes were simultaneously analysed as these genes are known to be frequently co-induced and their products to show a pronounced overlap of substrates. CYP3A4 A-392G (CYP3A4*1B), T673C (CYP3A4*2) and MDR1 T-129C, G2677T and C3435T single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were analysed in 100 individuals from the southern region of the country. We observed a frequency of 4.0% for CYP3A4*1B, not significantly different from that reported on other Caucasian European populations. CYP3A4*2 was found at an allele frequency of 4.5%, constituting the first report of the presence of this allele outside the Finnish population. Significant differences were found concerning the MDR1 C3435T SNP frequency (64.5%) compared with other European populations, while no differences were found concerning G2677T (47.5%) or T-129C (5%) SNPs. Linkage between the C3435T and G2677T SNPs was observed, although not as evidently as documented in other Caucasian populations. No preferential associations were detected between CYP3A4 and MDR1 alleles. Clin Chem Lab Med 2003; 41(10):13451350

Published Online: 2005-06-01
Published in Print: 2003-09-19

Copyright © 2003 by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG

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