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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter September 21, 2011

Oral fluid as a diagnostic tool

  • Robin E. Choo and Marilyn A. Huestis


Technological advances over the past decades have enabled oral fluid to expand its usefulness in the diagnosis of disease, prediction of disease progression, monitoring of therapeutic drug levels and detection of illicit drugs. The easy non-invasive nature of collection and the relationship between oral fluid and plasma levels make oral fluid a valuable clinical tool. This review describes advances over the past 5 years in the area of oral fluid as a diagnostic tool, its use in therapeutic and illicit drug monitoring, including proposed guidelines for cut-off values, and methods of collection.

Corresponding author: Dr. Marilyn A. Huestis, Chemistry and Drug Metabolism Section, National Institute on Drug Abuse, 5500 Nathan Shock Drive, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA. Phone: +1-410-550-2711, Fax: +1-410-550-2971, E-mail:


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Published Online: 2011-9-21
Published in Print: 2004-11-1

© Walter de Gruyter

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