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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter November 28, 2005

Protein microarrays for the diagnosis of allergic diseases: state-of-the-art and future development

Christian Harwanegg and Reinhard Hiller

Abstract

In the emerging field of Functional Proteomics, protein microarrays are considered to be one of the most promising tools for the simultaneous analysis of the a) abundance, b) function, and c) interaction of proteins on a system-wide scale. Resting on the technological grounds of widely used DNA biochips, the great power of microarray-based miniature solid-phase immunoassays lies in their potential to investigate in parallel large numbers of analyte pairs in a variety of biological samples. Consequently, this has fuelled aspirations that protein microarrays may serve as tools for the high-throughput functional investigation of complete proteomes and, moreover, that they will develop into promising candidates for innovative in-vitro diagnostic (IVD) applications. To date, published examples of protein microarrays for IVD purposes have included tests for allergy, autoimmune and infectious diseases. Here, we discuss recent advancements in the development of protein microarrays for the profiling of IgE antibodies in the diagnosis of Type 1-related allergic diseases.


Corresponding author: Reinhard Hiller, VBC-GENOMICS Bioscience Research LLC, Rennweg 95 B, 1030 Vienna, Austria Phone: +43 1 796 65 72-51, Fax: +43 1 796 65 72-320,

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Published Online: 2005-11-28
Published in Print: 2005-12-1

©2005 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin New York