Background: Genetic variation at the apolipoprotein A-V locus, recently discovered proximal to the APOA1/C3/A4 gene cluster, is associated with elevated triglyceride concentrations, a risk factor for atherosclerosis.
Methods: The goal of our study was to determine the association of two apolipoprotein A-V (APOA5) gene polymorphisms in a group of urban Romanian subjects with the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome. For this purpose, we assayed −1.131T>C and c.56C>G polymorphisms for 279 subjects divided into three groups: a control group, a metabolic syndrome group and a cardiovascular disease group. Then we correlated the minor allele frequencies with body mass index and biochemical parameters.
Results: We obtained higher frequency for −1.131C compared to c.56G alleles, both mainly distributed in overweight subjects. Body mass index and triglyceride levels were higher in −1.131C allele carriers in metabolic syndrome patients, but were not significantly different in c.56G carriers compared to those with the native gene. Metabolic syndrome −1.131C homozygotes presented lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and higher glucose levels compared to subjects with the native gene. Total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and insulin were not different between −1.131C or c.56G allele carriers and those with the native gene.
Conclusions: Our results demonstrate an independent risk for −1.131T>C APOA5 gene polymorphisms in the development of metabolic syndrome.
Clin Chem Lab Med 2007;45:1133–9.
©2007 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin New York