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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter April 1, 2008

Standards of practice and uniformity in references style

Gian Luca Salvagno, Giuseppe Lippi, Martina Montagnana and Gian Cesare Guidi


Authors are usually invited to follow the instructions to authors in scientific journals, because this section is likely to contain unique requirements, such as the references style requested. Authors not only must accurately check the instructions, but are also expected to verify references against the original documents before submitting the article, consuming a considerable amount of time. This aspect may contribute to the large number of references errors in scientific manuscripts, some of which would be prevented by introducing a more homogeneous and uniformed style. A variety of international, peer-reviewed journals currently requires a rather different style, especially for the numbers of authors to be cited, the placing of the year of publication, the style of the journal title. A broad implementation of reasonable standards of practice and consensus guidelines for the format of manuscript references should be promoted for an advantageous process for both the journals and the authors.

Clin Chem Lab Med 2008;46:437–8.

Corresponding author: Dr. Gian Luca Salvagno, Sezione di Chimica Clinica, Dipartimento di Scienze Morfologico-Biomediche, Ospedale Policlinico G.B. Rossi, Piazzale Scuro, 10, 37134 Verona, Italy Phone: +39-045-8124308, Fax: +39-045-8201889,

Received: 2007-11-28
Accepted: 2008-1-18
Published Online: 2008-04-01
Published in Print: 2008-04-01

©2008 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin New York