Background: Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP IV, CD26) and DP IV-like enzymes, such as dipeptidyl peptidase II (DP II), dipeptidyl peptidase 8 (DP8), and dipeptidyl peptidase 9 (DP9), have been recognized to regulate T lymphocyte activation. Lys[Z(NO2)]-thiazolidide (LZNT) and Lys[Z(NO2)]-pyrrolidide (LZNP), non-selective inhibitors of DP IV-like activity known to target DP IV as well as DP II, DP8, and DP9, suppress T lymphocyte proliferation in vitro. Moreover, these inhibitors are capable of attenuating the severity of autoimmune diseases, such as experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, the animal model of multiple sclerosis, and experimental arthritis, a model of human rheumatoid arthritis, in vivo, particularly in combination with inhibitors of aminopeptidase N (APN, CD13) enzymatic activity.
Methods: Here, we studied the influence of non-selective and selective inhibitors of DP IV-like enzymes on DNA synthesis in mitogen-stimulated splenocytes from wild-type C57BL/6 mice and DP IV/CD26-knockout (DP IV/CD26-KO) mice.
Results: LZNT and LZNP, the non-selective inhibitors of DP IV-like activity, suppressed the DNA synthesis in stimulated splenocytes from wild-type and DP IV/CD26-KO mice to a comparable extent. Further, a selective inhibitor of DP8/DP9 activity was capable of suppressing DNA synthesis in mitogen-stimulated splenocytes of both wild-type and knockout mice to the same extent. In contrast, selective inhibitors of DP IV and DP II lacked this suppressive activity.
Conclusions: Our data support the hypothesis that DP8 and/or DP9 represent additional pharmacological targets for the suppression of T cell proliferation and for anti-inflammatory therapy.
Clin Chem Lab Med 2009;47:268–74.
©2009 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin New York