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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter July 18, 2006

The hydration of paper studied with solid-state magnetisation-exchange 1H NMR spectroscopy

Christopher J. Garvey, Ian H. Parker, George P. Simon and Andrew K. Whittaker
From the journal

Abstract

The wide-line 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrum of paper in equilibrium with ambient humidity consists of super-imposed relatively broad and narrow lines. The narrower line is of the order of 2 kHz wide at half the maximum height, while the broader line is of the order of 40 kHz in width at half height. On the basis of these line widths, the narrow line is assigned to water sorbed to the paper, and the broad line to the polymeric constituents of the paper. It was not possible to distinguish between the various polymeric components of paper contributing to the 1H NMR spectra. A modified Goldman-Shen pulse sequence was used to generate a spatial magnetisation gradient between the polymer and water phases. The exchange of magnetisation between protons associated with water and those associated with the macromolecules in paper was observed. The exchange of magnetisation is discussed within a heat transfer model for homonuclear dipolar coupling, with exchange being characterised by a spin-diffusion coefficient. Consideration of the magnitude of the initial rate of the exchange process and estimates of the spin-spin relaxation times based on 1H line widths indicate that some water must exist in a sufficiently immobile state as to allow homonuclear dipolar interactions between adjacent polymer and water protons. Thus, water sorbed onto paper must exist in at least two states in mass exchange with each other. This observation allows certain conclusions to be drawn about the ratio of free/bound water as a function of moisture content and the dispersal of water within the polymer matrix.

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Corresponding author. Current address: Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, PMB 1, Menai, NSW 2234 Australia

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Published Online: 2006-07-18
Published in Print: 2006-07-01

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