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Application of scanning UV microspectrophotometry for the topochemical detection of lignin within individual cell walls of brown-rotted Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) sapwood

Ilze Irbe, Guna Noldt, Gerald Koch, Ingeborga Andersone and Bruno Andersons
From the journal

Abstract

Brown rotted Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) sapwood was studied using scanning UV microspectrophotometry. Wood blocks were exposed to the fungus Coniophora puteana (Schum.: Fr.) Karst. (BAM Ebw.15) for 6, 8, 10, 30, and 50 days. No wood weight loss was detected in the initial decay periods. On the other hand, point analyses of lignin distribution in wood cells revealed higher absorbance after 6–10 days of decay, which we interpret as an increase in the absorption coefficient of lignin due to its oxidative modification by the fungus. Uneven wood degradation occurred in the later periods (30 and 50 days), with both significantly decayed and visually sound cells observed. The decayed cells showed a higher absorbance at 280 nm, although the apparently sound cells were also degraded to a lower extent. Degradation of lignin-rich compounds in middle lamellae and cell corners was not observed during fungal attack.

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Corresponding author. Laboratory of Wood Biodegradation and Protection, Latvian State Institute of Wood Chemistry, Dzerbenes iela 27, LV-1006, Riga, Latvia

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Published Online: 2006-12-04
Published in Print: 2006-11-01

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