Knowledge of fetal hemodynamic physiology has developed enormously during the last two decades due to Doppler ultrasound. Some of this knowledge has been utilized for routine surveillance of high-risk pregnancies. The prediction of fetal hypoxia before the development of life lasting sequel is of major importance, especially in the very premature case with absent end-diastolic blood flow in the umbilical artery before lung maturity. This review gives an overview of the present knowledge in this field.
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