Objective: This study was performed in order to compare the performance of classical two dimensional (2D) and three dimensional (3D) ultrasound, both with power Doppler technology, in the visualization of the placental vascular network during ongoing pregnancy.
Methods: 15 pregnant volunteers in the third trimester of pregnancy were examined by 2D and 3D power Doppler ultrasound. The aim of the study was to follow the branching of the main stem vessel as far as possible distally in the placenta. In addition, we assessed the visualization rate of terminal parts of uteroplacental circulation, radial and spiral arteries.
Results: There was no difference in the visualization of primary placental stem vessels by 2D and 3D power Doppler. However, 3D power Doppler performs better distally, with statistically significant differences at the level of secondary stem (p = 0.03), and even more prominent differences at the level of tertiary stem vessels (p = 0.0008). There was no difference in the visualization rate of radial and spiral arteries (p > 0.05).
Conclusion: We found 3D superior to 2D ultrasound with power Doppler technology in the determination of the distal vascular branches of the fetal placental blood vessels.
Copyright © 2002 by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG