Accessible Requires Authentication Published by Deutscher Kunstverlag (DKV) April 19, 2019

Kuss eines Zyklopen. Die umgekehrte Perspektive Florenskis zwischen Kultbild und Kunstbild

Fabian Heffermehl

Abstract

With his Reverse Perspective (1919) the Armeno-Russian theologian and mathematician Pavel Florensky denounced the monocular, ‘cyclopean’ vision otherwise seen as the main principle in Renaissance painting. Florensky connected the medieval icon with an ‘organic idea’ involving 1) binocular vision, 2) the observer’s movement in pictorial space, and 3) tactile proximity between observer and image. This article explores how ideas of perception relate to Florensky’s cultural criticism. His reverse perspective emerges as a complex controversy, not only between two principles in painting – the icon and the linear perspective. Florensky also challenges himself as a westernized intellectual, who, rooted in Orientalism, fails to defend a Russian Orthodox worldview.

  1. Abbildungsnachweis: 1 Oslo, Galerie K., Farbabbildung unter: https://www.pinterest.co.uk/pin/87820261454321912/2, 5, 11 Privatbesitz. — 3 Welimir Chlebnikow, Sobranie Sotschineni, Moskau 2016, Bd. 1, 207. — 4 Pawel W. Florenski (Hg.), Prebywaet wetschno, Bd. 2, Moskau 2012, 365. — 6 Sankt Petersburg, Russisches Museum. — 7 Moskau, Archiv des Museums Florenskis. — 8, 9 Moskau, Tretjakow-Galerie. — 10 Boris Uspenski, Semiotika iskusstwa, Moskau 1995, Abb. 31.

Published Online: 2019-04-19

© 2019 Fabian Heffermehl, published by De Gruyter