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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by Deutscher Kunstverlag (DKV) September 12, 2021

“Malerische Dichtungen”: Two Landscape Paintings of 1916 by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

Sherwin Simmons

Abstract

During 1916 Ernst Ludwig Kirchner created a group of landscape paintings, based on his experiences at the Kohnstamm Sanatorium in Königstein, which were more symbolic in character than his previous landscapes. This essay shows that contact with Carl and Thea Sternheim, who encouraged a reengagement with Vincent van Gogh’s paintings and letters, played a role in this change. Kirchner’s recognition of how Van Gogh could express an affect through his painting was reinforced by Dr. Kohnstamm’s writings about empathy’s role in artistic expression. Artistic practice and aesthetic theory were joined in representations of Jena done during Fall 1916 in which Kirchner transformed the landscape through formal means into symbols of his emotional relationship to that space.

  1. Photo Credits: 1 © Ketterer Kunst GmbH und Co. KG — 2Kunst und Künstler 28, 1920, 221. — 3 URL: https://www.wikiart.org/en/vincent-van-gogh/the-lovers-the-poet-s-garden-iv-1888 (last accessed 28 January 2021). — 4 Franz Marc Museum, Kochel am See. — 5, 11, 14, 21 Kirchner-Archiv, Galerie Henze & Ketterer, Wichtrach. — 6 Minneapolis Institute of Art. — 7 Kirchner Museum Davos. — 8 Museum Biberach. — 9, 10, 15, 16, 18 from: Ernst A. von Marx, Auf zum Taunus: Unternehmung zur Hebung des Verkehrs und Förderung der Besiedelung im südlichen Taunus, Frankfurt 1908, 42, 53–54. — 12 © bpk Bildagentur / Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin / Jörg P. Anders / Art Resource, NY. — 13 Kirchner Museum Davos / Stephan Bösch. — 17 Graphische Sammlung, Historisches Museum Frankfurt / Horst Ziegenfuß. — 19 from: Wilhelm Hausenstein, Der Bauern-Bruegel, Munich 1910, 21. — 20 Werner Coninx Stiftung, Zurich. — 22Plan von Jena 1914, Jena 1914. — 23 Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz / PUNCTUM / Bertram Kober. — 24 Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe. — 25 Author. — 26 Von der Heydt-Museum, Wuppertal. — 27 So-theby’s. — 28 from: Willy Lange, Deutsche Heldenhaine, Leipzig 1915, 43.

Published Online: 2021-09-12
Published in Print: 2021-09-27

© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston