Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter November 15, 2017

A New Runic Character on the Sedgeford Runic Handle/Ladle: Sound-Value Wanted

Gaby Waxenberger
From the journal Anglia

Abstract

A new runic inscription was found in 2017. The object could be a handle of a ladle or spoon from Sedgeford, Norfolk. The tentative date of the object ranges from the 8th to the 10th century. The inscription consists of a cross and eight characters, seven of which are clearly runes, but the second character of the sequence is problematic. Although the inscription has no diagnostic rune identifying it as being written in the Old English fuþorc, there is no doubt that the language of the text is Old English. The inscription represents the Old English male personal name B[.]rnferþ. After an overview of the inscription and the runes, and a graph-typological description of character 2, I have attempted to analyze possible phoneme-grapheme relations of Graph 2, assigning the possible readings to certain dialect areas.

Works Cited

Barnes, Michael P. and Raymond I. Page. 2006. The Scandinavian Runic Inscriptions of Britain. Uppsala: Institutionen för nordiska språk, Uppsala Universitet. Search in Google Scholar

Brunner, Karl. 1965. Altenglische Grammatik: Nach der angelsächsischen Grammatik von Eduard Sievers. 3rd ed. Tübingen: Niemeyer. Search in Google Scholar

Campbell, Alistair. 1959. Old English Grammar. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Colman, Fran. 2014. The Grammar of Names in Anglo-Saxon England: The Linguistics and Culture of the Old English Onomasticon. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Search in Google Scholar

DOE = Dictionary of Old English in Electronic Form, A–H. 2016. Eds. Angus Cameron, Ashley Crandell Amos, Antonette diPaolo Healey et al. Toronto: Dictionary of Old English Project. <http://www.doe.utoronto.ca> [last accessed 23 July 2017]. Search in Google Scholar

Hines, John. 2011. “New Light on Literacy in Eighth-Century East Anglia: A Runic Inscription from Baconsthorpe, Norfolk”. Anglia 129: 281–296. Search in Google Scholar

Hogg, Richard M. 1992. “Phonology and Morphology”. In: Richard M. Hogg (ed.). The Cambridge History of the English Language. Volume 1: The Beginnings to 1066. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 67–167. Search in Google Scholar

Müller, Rudolf. 1901. Untersuchungen über die Namen des nordhumbrischen Liber Vitae. Berlin: Mayer & Müller. Search in Google Scholar

Nedoma, Robert. 2004. Personennamen in den südgermanischen Runeninschriften. Heidelberg: Winter. Search in Google Scholar

Obst, Wolfgang and Florian Schleburg. 2004. Lehrbuch des Altenglischen. Heidelberg: Winter. Search in Google Scholar

Odenstedt, Bengt. 1990. On the Origin and Early History of the Runic Script: Typology and Graphic Variation in the Older Futhark. Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksell. Search in Google Scholar

PASE = Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England. <http://www.pase.ac.uk> [last accessed 20 February 2017]. Search in Google Scholar

Sievers-Brunner. 1965.; see Brunner, Karl. 1965. Search in Google Scholar

Schwab, Ute. 2006. “fahhild und feha: Ein altenglischer Runenname aus Rom und ein alamannisches Runenwort aus Weingarten”. In: Alfred Bammesberger and Gaby Waxenberger (eds.). Das fuþark und seine einzelsprachlichen Weiterentwicklungen. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter. 233–271. Search in Google Scholar

Schwab, Ute. 2009. “fahhild und feha: Ein altenglischer Runenname aus Rom und ein alamannisches Runenwort aus Weingarten”. In: Ute Schwab (ed.). Le Rune in Italia. Alessandria: Edizioni dell’Orso. 257–301. Search in Google Scholar

Searle, William George. 1897. Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum: A List of Anglo-Saxon Proper Names from the Time of Beda to that of King John. Cambridge: University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Waxenberger, Gaby. 2000. “The Inscription on the Gandersheim Casket and the Runes in the Old English Runes Corpus (Epigraphical Material)”. In: Regine Marth (ed.). Das Gandersheimer Runenkästchen: Internationales Kolloquium Braunschweig,24.–26. März 1999. Braunschweig: Limbach Druck und Verlag. 91–104. Search in Google Scholar

Waxenberger, Gaby. 2003. “The Intriguing Inscription of the Gandersheim Runic Casket Revisited”. In: Lucia Kornexl and Ursula Lenker (eds.). Bookmarks from the Past: Studies in Early English Language and Literature in Honour of Helmut Gneuss. Frankfurt a. M.: Lang. 143–176. Search in Google Scholar

Waxenberger, Gaby. 2003 a. “The Non-Latin Personal Names on the Name-Bearing Objects”. In: Wilhelm Heizmann and Astrid van Nahl (eds.). Runica ­– Germanica – Mediaevalia. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter. 932–968. Search in Google Scholar

Waxenberger, Gaby. 2012. “The New Sign { in the Baconsthorpe Inscription”. Anglia 130: 177–194. Search in Google Scholar

Waxenberger, Gaby. Forthcoming. A Phonology of Old English Runic Inscriptions with a Concise Edition and Analysis of the Graphemes. Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2017-11-15
Published in Print: 2017-11-10

© 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston