Skip to content
Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter (A) July 7, 2017

A New Join to the Hurro-Akkadian Version of the Weidner God List from Emar (Msk 74.108a + Msk 74.158k)

Frank Simons

Abstract

The present article offers an edition, copy and photographs of a newly identified join to the Hurro-Akkadian bilingual tablet of the so-called Weidner god list from Emar. The new fragment adds substantially to our knowledge of the Hurrian translation of the list and fills in some small gaps in the Akkadian portion. It also offers valuable evidence concerning the identities of three relatively little known deities: Ištarān, who is equated in the text with Kumarbi, Erragal who is equated with Tarḫunta, and inanna-galga-sù, a wife of the god Amurru.

Acknowledgements

I would like to thank Hannelore Agnethler, Yoram Cohen, Birgit Haskamp, Enrique Jiménez, Kate Kelley, Alasdair Livingstone, Mikko Luuko, Henry Stadhouders, Laura Walters and Selena Wisnom for their comments on this paper. I am deeply indebted to Elyze Zomer for making such elegant copies and for her many productive suggestions. I am also indebted to Mirjo Salvini for providing photos and permission to publish them. Any remaining mistakes are mine.

Bibliography

André-Salvini, B. (2004): Textes lexicographiques de Ras-Shamra-Ugarit (Campagnes 1986–1992), SMEA 46/2, 147–154.Search in Google Scholar

Arnaud, D. (1982): Les textes cunéiforms suméro-accadiens des campagnes 1979–1980 à Ras Shamra-Ougarit, Syria 59, 199–222.Search in Google Scholar

Arnaud, D. (1985): Recherches au pays d’Aštata, Emar VI/1–2: Textes sumériens et accadiens, Paris.Search in Google Scholar

Arnaud, D. (1987): Recherches au pays d’Aštata, Emar VI/4: Textes de la bibliothèque, transcriptions et traductions, Paris.Search in Google Scholar

Bartelmus, A. (2016a): The Role of Babylon in Babylonian Scribal Education. In: S. Yamada/D. Shibata (ed.) Cultures and Societies in the Middle Euphrates and Habur Areas in the Second Millennium BC. Vol. 1: Scribal Education and Scribal Tradtions (StCh. 5/1), Wiesbaden, 25–43.Search in Google Scholar

Bartelmus, A. (2016b): Fragmente einer großen Sprache (UAVA 12), Leiden.Search in Google Scholar

Beaulieu, P.-A. (2003): The Pantheon of Uruk During the Neo-Babylonian Period (CunMon. 23), Leiden.Search in Google Scholar

Böck, B. (2014): The Healing Goddess Gula (CHANE 67), Leiden.Search in Google Scholar

Borger, R. (1970): Vier Grenzsteinurkunden Merodachbaladans I. von Babylon, AfO 23, 1–26.Search in Google Scholar

Borger, R. (2010): Mesopotamisches Zeichenlexikon. Second Edition (AOAT 305), Münster.Search in Google Scholar

Cagni, L. (1977): The Poem of Erra (SANE 1/3), Malibu.Search in Google Scholar

Cavigneaux, A. (1981): Textes scolaires du temple de Nabû ša harê, Baghdad.Search in Google Scholar

Cavigneaux, A. (2012): Fragments lexicaux et littéraires du Musée d’Art et d’Histoire de Genève. In: C. Mittermayer/S. Ecklin (ed.) Altorientalische Studien zu Ehren von Pascal Attinger (OBO 256), Fribourg, 65–89.Search in Google Scholar

Cavigneaux A./M. Krebernik (1998–2000a): NIN-nigara, RlA 9, 477.Search in Google Scholar

Cavigneaux A./M. Krebernik (1998–2000b): NinSAR, RlA 9, 484–486.Search in Google Scholar

Civil, M. (1989): The Texts from Meskene-Emar, AulaOr. 7, 5–25.Search in Google Scholar

Civil, M. (2010): The Lexical Texts in the Schøyen Collection (CUSAS 12), Bethesda.Search in Google Scholar

Clay, A. (1912): Personal Names from Cuneiform Inscriptions of the Cassite Period (YOSR 1), New Haven.Search in Google Scholar

Cohen, M. E. (1993): The Cultic Calendars of the Ancient Near East, Bethesda.Search in Google Scholar

Cohen, Y. (2010): The “Second Glosses” in the Lexical Lists from Emar: West Semitic or Akkadian? In: L. Kogan (ed.) Language in the Ancient Near East. Proceedings of the 53e RAI (Orientalia et Classica 30–31), Winona Lake, 813–839.Search in Google Scholar

de Genouillac, H. (1923): Grande liste de noms divins sumériens, RA 20, 89–106.Search in Google Scholar

Edzard, D. O. (1976–1980): Ilip, RlA 5, 52.Search in Google Scholar

Feliu, L. (2003): The God Dagan in Bronze Age Syria (Trans.: W. G. E. Watson) (CHANE 19), Leiden.Search in Google Scholar

Finkel, I. J. (1982): The Series sig7.alan= nabnītu (MSL 16), Rome.Search in Google Scholar

Fleming, D. (2000): Time at Emar (MesCiv. 11), Winona Lake.Search in Google Scholar

Gabbay, U. et al. (2015): BM 36595 on: http://ccp.yale.edu/P469985Search in Google Scholar

Gantzert, M. (2006): Syrian Lexical Texts (3): The Peripheral Weidner God Lists, UF 38, 299–311.Search in Google Scholar

Gantzert, M. (2011): The Emar Lexical Texts. Vol. 1–3, Maastricht.Search in Google Scholar

George, A. (1992): Babylonian Topographical Texts (OLA 40), Leuven.Search in Google Scholar

George, A. (1993): House Most High (MesCiv. 5), Winona Lake.Search in Google Scholar

George, A. (2003): The Babylonian Gilgamesh Epic. Vol. 1, Oxford.Search in Google Scholar

George, A. (2010): The Colophon of MS 5007. In: M. Civil, The Lexical Texts in the Schøyen Collection (CUSAS 12), Bethesda, 274–279.Search in Google Scholar

Gesche, P. (2000): Schulunterricht in Babylonien (AOAT 275), Münster.Search in Google Scholar

Guichard, M. (2016): H.E.416: une copie scolaire de la “Weidner God-list”, NABU 2016/2, 66–67. Search in Google Scholar

Gurney, O. R./P. Hulin (1964): The Sultantepe Tablets. Vol. 2, Ankara.Search in Google Scholar

Güterbock, H. G. (1951): The Song of Ullikummi: Revised Text of the Hittite Version of a Hurrian Myth, JCS 5, 135–161.Search in Google Scholar

Güterbock, H. G. (1980–1983): Kumarbi, RlA 5, 324–330.Search in Google Scholar

Hoffner, H. A. (1998): Hittite Myths (Second Edition) (SBL WAW 2), Atlanta.Search in Google Scholar

Jiménez, E. (2016): K.1 on: http://ccp.yale.edu/P237754. Search in Google Scholar

Jiménez, E./I. L. Finkel (2016): BM 47458 on: http://ccp.yale.edu/P461230Search in Google Scholar

Krebernik, M. (1986): Die Götterlisten aus Fāra, ZA 76, 161–204.Search in Google Scholar

Krebernik, M. (2003–2005): Pa(p)-nigara, RlA 10, 325–327.Search in Google Scholar

Krebernik, M. (2006–2008): Qudma, RLA 11, 190–191.Search in Google Scholar

Krebernik, M. (2009–2011): Ṣilluš-ṭab, RlA 12, 498.Search in Google Scholar

Lambert, W. G. (1960): Babylonian Wisdom Literature, Oxford.Search in Google Scholar

Lambert, W. G. (1973): Studies in Nergal, BiOr. 30, 354–363.Search in Google Scholar

Lambert, W. G. (1976–1980) Ištarān, RlA 5, 211. Search in Google Scholar

Lambert, W. G. (1989): A Babylonian Prayer to Anūna. In: H. Behrens et al. (ed.), DUMU-É-DUB-BA-A. Studies in Honour of Åke W. Sjöberg (OccPubl. S.N. Kramer Fund 11), Philadelphia, 321–336.Search in Google Scholar

Lambert, W. G. (1999–2000): Literary Texts from Nimrud, AfO 46–47, 149–155.Search in Google Scholar

Lambert, W. G. (2003–2004): Review of S. Izre’el, The Amarna Scholarly Tablets and Adapa and the South Wind, AfO 50, 394–396.Search in Google Scholar

Lambert, W. G. (2013): Babylonian Creation Myths (MesCiv. 16), Winona Lake.Search in Google Scholar

Lambert, W. G. (unpublished): An=Anum I, II, III and V.Search in Google Scholar

Langdon, S. (1928): Sumerian and Semitic Religious and Historical Texts (OECT 1), Oxford.Search in Google Scholar

Laroche, E. (1989): La version hourrite de la liste AN de Meskéné-Emar, CRAIBL 133, 8–12.Search in Google Scholar

Leichty, E. (1986): Tablets from Sippar 1 (CBT 6), London.Search in Google Scholar

Litke, R. (1998): A Reconstruction of the Assyro-Babylonian God-Lists, An: dA-nu-um and An: Anu ša amēli (TBC 3), New Haven.Search in Google Scholar

Livingstone, A. (1986): Mystical and Mythological Explanatory Works of Assyrian and Babylonian Scholars, Oxford.Search in Google Scholar

Maynard, J. A. (1919): A Neo-Babylonian Grammatical School Text, JSOR 3, 65–69.Search in Google Scholar

Nougayrol, J. (1947): Textes et documents figurés, RA 41, 23–53.Search in Google Scholar

Nougayrol, J. (1968): Textes suméro-accadiens des archives et bibliothèques priviés d’Ugarit, Ugaritica 5, 1–446.Search in Google Scholar

Paulus, S. (2014): Die babylonischen Kudurru-Inschriften von der kassitischen bis zur frühneubabylonischen Zeit (AOAT 51), Münster.Search in Google Scholar

Pedersén, O. (2005): Archive und Bibliotheken in Babylon: Die Tontafeln der Grabung Robert Koldeweys 1899–1917 (ADOG 25), Saarwellingen.Search in Google Scholar

Peterson: J. (2008): Neo-Babylonian Exemplars of the Weidner Godlist from Nippur in the University Museum, Philadelphia, NABU 2008/2, 46–48.Search in Google Scholar

Peterson, J. (2009): Godlists from Old Babylonian Nippur in the University Museum, Philadelphia (AOAT 362), Münster.Search in Google Scholar

Pfeiffer, R. H./E. R. Lacheman (1942): Miscellaneous Texts from Nuzi. Part 1 (HSS 13), Cambridge Massachussetts.Search in Google Scholar

Pfeiffer, R. H./E. A. Speiser (1936): One Hundred New Selected Nuzi Texts (1935–1936), AASOR 16, 1–168.Search in Google Scholar

Reade, J. (1986): Introduction. In: E. Leichty, Tablets from Sippar 1 (CBT 6), London, xiii-xxxvi.Search in Google Scholar

Reiner, E. (1961): The Year Dates of Sumu-Jamūtbāl, JCS 15, 121–124.Search in Google Scholar

Richter, T. (1998): Die Lesung des Götternamens AN.AN.MAR.TU. In: D. I. Owen/G. Wilhelm (ed.), General Studies and Excavations in Nuzi 10/2 (SCCNH 9), Bethesda, 135–137.Search in Google Scholar

Richter, T. (2012): Bibliographisches Glossar des Hurritischen, Wiesbaden.Search in Google Scholar

Roberts, J. J. M. (1971): Erra: Scorched Earth, JCS 24, 11–16.Search in Google Scholar

Roberts, J. J. M. (1973): The Earliest Semitic Pantheon, Baltimore.Search in Google Scholar

Rutz, M. (2013): Bodies of Knowledge in Ancient Mesopotamia (AMD 9), LeidenSearch in Google Scholar

Salvini, M. (2015): Les textes hourrites de Meskéné/Emar. Vol. 1 (AnOr. 57/1), Rome.Search in Google Scholar

Scheil, V. (1898): Une saison de fouilles à Sippar (Abou Habba) [Janvier-Avril 1894], Paris.Search in Google Scholar

Schwemer, D. (2008): The Storm-Gods of the Ancient Near East: Summary, Synthesis and Recent Studies. Part 2, JANER 8/1, 1–44.Search in Google Scholar

Shibata, D. (2009): An Old Babylonian Manuscript of the Weidner God-List from Tell Taban, Iraq 71, 33–42.Search in Google Scholar

Sjöberg, Å. W./E. Bergmann (1969): The Collection of the Sumerian Temple Hymns (TCS 3), Locust Valley.Search in Google Scholar

Sjöberg, Å. W. (1973): Miscellaneous Sumerian Hymns, ZA 63, 1–55.Search in Google Scholar

Sjöberg, Å. W. (1977): Miscellaneous Sumerian Texts II, JCS 29, 1–45.Search in Google Scholar

Tanret, M. (2002): Per aspera ad astra. L’apprentissage du cunéiforme à Sippar-Amnanum pendant la période paléobabylonienne tardive (MHET 1/2), Ghent.Search in Google Scholar

Thureau-Dangin, F. (1939): Tablettes hurrites provenant de Mâri, RA 36, 1–28.Search in Google Scholar

van der Meer, P. E. (1938): Syllabaries A, B1 and B: With Miscellaneous Lexicographical Texts from the Herbert Weld Collection (OECT 4), Oxford.Search in Google Scholar

van Dijk, J. J. A. (1976) Texts in the Iraq Museum. Vol. 9 (TIM 9), Leiden.Search in Google Scholar

van Dijk, J. J. A. (1987) Literarische Texte aus Babylon, VAS 24, Berlin.Search in Google Scholar

van Soldt, W. (1995): Babylonian Lexical, Religious and Literary Texts, ALASP 7, 171–212.Search in Google Scholar

van Soldt, W. (2015): Middle Babylonian Texts in the Cornell University Collections. Vol. 1: The Later Kings (CUSAS 30), Bethesda.Search in Google Scholar

Veldhuis, N. (DCCLT): VS 24, 020 + SE 55 on: http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/dcclt/corpusSearch in Google Scholar

Veldhuis, N. (2014): History of the Cuneiform Lexical Tradition (GMTR 6), Münster.Search in Google Scholar

von Weiher, E. (1988): Spätbabylonische Texte aus Uruk III (SpTU 3), Berlin.Search in Google Scholar

von Weiher, E. (1993): Uruk Spätbabylonische Texte aus dem Planquadrat U 18, IV (SpTU 4), Mainz am Rhein.Search in Google Scholar

Weidner, E. (1924–1925): Altbabylonische Götterlisten, AfO 2, 1–18 and 71–82.Search in Google Scholar

Westenholz, A. (1975): Review of J. J. M. Roberts, The Earliest Semitic Pantheon, JSS 34, 288–293. Search in Google Scholar

Wiggermann, F. A. M. (1997): Transtigridian Snake Gods. In: I. L. Finkel/M. J. Geller (ed.), Sumerian Gods and their Representations (CunMon. 7), Groningen, 33–55.Search in Google Scholar

Wiggermann, F. A. M. (1998–2000): Nergal, RlA 9, 215–226.Search in Google Scholar

Yamada, S. (2016): Old Babylonian School Exercises from Tell Taban. In: S. Yamada/D. Shibata (ed.), Cultures and Societies in the Middle Euphrates and Habur Areas in the Second Millennium BC. Vol. 1: Scribal Education and Scribal Tradtions (StCh. 5), Wiesbaden, 45–68.Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2017-7-7
Published in Print: 2017-7-6

© 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston