Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter (A) November 11, 2020

The Development of the Southeast Lower Town of Sirkeli Höyük

A Preliminary Assessment based on the 2013–2019 Campaigns

Alexander E. Sollee, Hannah Mönninghoff, Ekin Kozal, Doğa Karakaya, Joëlle Heim and Selin Gür

Abstract

The site of Sirkeli Höyük in the province of Adana in modern Turkey is one of the largest settlement mounds in Plain Cilicia. In 2012, a geophysical survey revealed that the ancient settlement was not confined to the höyük, but also encompassed an extensive lower town to the southeast of the main mound. To gain information on the dating and development of this part of the settlement, an excavation area (“Sector F”) was opened at a spot where the magnetometry survey suggested the presence of a city gate. Since then, archaeological work in this area has continuously produced new discoveries that help us understand how this residential area and its inhabitants developed throughout the periods of its occupation. Especially the Iron Age (Neo Cilician period) levels, which cover approximately the 11th–7th centuries B.C., provide important information on how this urban center of the Neo Hittite kingdom Hiyawa/Que changed over time and to which extent historical events impacted the people living in one of its residential areas. This contribution discusses the stratigraphic sequence, the pottery, and the archaeobotanical remains discovered in Sector F during the 2013–2019 campaigns, and concludes with a synthesis of the development in this area from a historical perspective.

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Mirko Novák for his helpful comments and support as well as for giving us the opportunity to publish this preliminary report. We are also thankful to the project’s co-director Deniz Yaşin for her help especially in bureaucratic matters. Furthermore, we and the entire Sirkeli Höyük excavation project would like to express our gratitude to the Swiss National Science Foundation and the Fritz Thyssen Stiftung for funding the excavations in the lower town. We would also like to thank our anonymous reviewer and Claudia E. Suter for helping us to improve the manuscript.

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Published Online: 2020-11-11
Published in Print: 2020-11-05

© 2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston