Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter December 28, 2016

Dynamic phase measurements based on a polarization Michelson interferometer employing a pixelated polarization camera

David I. Serrano-Garcia ORCID logo and Yukitoshi Otani

Abstract

We implemented an interferometric configuration capable of following a phase variation in time. By using a pixelated polarization camera, the system is able to retrieve the phase information instantaneously avoiding the usage of moving components and the necessity of an extra replication method attached at the output of the interferometer. Taking into account the temporal stability obtained from the system, a spatial-temporal phase demodulation algorithm can be implemented on frequency domain for the dynamic phase measurement. Spatial resolution is analyzed experimentally using a USAF pattern, and dynamic phase measurements were done on air and water medium variations due to a jet flame and a living fish as a biological sample, respectively.

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the funding support provided under The Project for Bio-Imaging and Sensing at Utsunomiya University. D.I. Serrano-García is currently occupying a post doc position at Utsunomiya University in the Center for Optical Research and Education under the same project.

References

[1] P. Hariharan, Appl. Opt. 35, 6823–6824 (1996). Search in Google Scholar

[2] S. S. Helen, M. P. Kothiyal and R. S. Sirohi, Opt. Commun. 154, 249–254 (1998). Search in Google Scholar

[3] D. I. Serrano-García, A. Martínez-García, N.-I. Toto-Arellano and Y. Otani, Opt. Eng. 53, 112202 (2014). Search in Google Scholar

[4] D.-I. Serrano-García, A. Martinez-García, N.-I. Toto-Arellano and Y. Otani, Adv. Opt. Technol. 3, 401–406 (2014). Search in Google Scholar

[5] N.-I. Toto-Arellano, D.-I. Serrano-García and A. Martínez-García, Opt. Express 21, 31983–31989 (2013). Search in Google Scholar

[6] J. E. Millerd, N. J. Brock, J. B. Hayes, M. B. North-Morris, M. Novak, et al., Proc. SPIE 5531, 304–314 (2004). Search in Google Scholar

[7] K. Creath and G. Goldstein, Biomed. Opt. Express 3, 2866–2880 (2012). Search in Google Scholar

[8] M. Servin and J. C. Estrada, Opt. Express 18, 18492–18497 (2010). Search in Google Scholar

[9] B. Kimbrough and J. Millerd, Proc. SPIE 85706, 77900K (2010). Search in Google Scholar

[10] J. M. Padilla, M. Servin and J. C. Estrada, Opt. Express 19, 19508 (2011). Search in Google Scholar

[11] M. Novak, J. Millerd, N. Brock, M. North-Morris, J. Hayes, et al., Appl. Opt. 44, 6861 (2005). Search in Google Scholar

[12] J. H. Neal Brock, J. Millerd and J. Wyant, U.S. patent US20050046865 A1 (2004). Search in Google Scholar

[13] N. Brock, J. Hayes, B. Kimbrough, J. E. Millerd, M. North-Morris, et al., Nov. Opt. Syst. Des. Optim. VIII 5875, 58750F01–58750F10 (2005). Search in Google Scholar

[14] K. Creath and G. Goldstein, in SPIE BiOS, Ed. By C. J. Cogswell, T. G. Brown, J.-A. Conchello and T. Wilson (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2013), Vol. 8589, p. 85891A–85891A. Search in Google Scholar

[15] K. Creath and G. Goldstein, in ‘Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference’, (2012), Vol. 2012, pp. 3163–3166. Search in Google Scholar

[16] G. Goldstein and K. Creath, in ‘SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications’, (2012), Vol. 8493, p. 84930N. Search in Google Scholar

[17] Optotune, ‘LSR application note’, http://www.optotune.com/images/products/Optotuneapplication note LSR.pdf. Search in Google Scholar

[18] ‘Photonic Lattice’, http://www.photonic-lattice.com/. Search in Google Scholar

[19] B. T. Kimbrough, Appl. Opt. 45, 4554 (2006). Search in Google Scholar

[20] M. Takeda, Ind. Metrol. 1, 79–99 (1990). Search in Google Scholar

[21] SOTO, ‘PT-XT Pocket Torch Extended’, http://www.sotooutdoors.com/products/item/PT-XT.html. Search in Google Scholar

[22] M. D. Pritt and D. C. Ghiglia, ‘Two-Dimensional Phase Unwrapping: Theory, Algorithms, and Software’ (Wiley, 1998). Search in Google Scholar

[23] Chelsea Baranowski, ‘Palaemonetes paludosus – Riverine grass shrimp’, http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Palaemonetes_paludosus/. Search in Google Scholar

Supplemental Material:

The online version of this article (DOI: 10.1515/aot-2016-0054) offers supplementary material, available to authorized users.

Received: 2016-10-2
Accepted: 2016-11-14
Published Online: 2016-12-28
Published in Print: 2017-2-1

©2016 THOSS Media & De Gruyter