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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter December 30, 2014

Risk of human toxocarosis in Poland due to Toxocara infection of dogs and cats

Jakub Gawor, Anna Borecka, Magdalena Marczyńska, Sabina Dobosz and Hanna Żarnowska-Prymek
From the journal Acta Parasitologica

Abstract

The purpose of this paper was to present the current data on the risk of toxocarosis in humans in Poland and to give an overview of the clinical and diagnostic aspects of the disease. The number of reported clinical cases of Toxocara infection in children in Poland in medical literature has increased recently. The results of field surveys aimed to evaluate the soil contamination with geohelminth eggs conducted during the last few years showed that Toxocara is the most common zoonotic agent in urban public sites and in rural settlements. The questionnaire revealed rural inhabitants’ low awareness of zoonotic parasite threats to humans. In particular parents should be advised as to what proper preventive measures to undertake to eliminate the toxocarosis risk factors for children in rural environment. Prevention of initial environment contamination with Toxocara canis and T. cati eggs, which includes proper treatment regimes to eliminate patent infections in dogs and cats and preventing pets from defecating in public areas and private households is vital. To provide the public with suitably presented information as well as pet owners with uniform recommendations, a close collaboration between veterinary and public health professionals is crucial.

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Received: 2014-7-15
Revised: 2014-9-15
Accepted: 2014-9-17
Published Online: 2014-12-30
Published in Print: 2014-3-1

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