Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter June 16, 2015

The first report of Trichinella pseudospiralis presence in domestic swine and T. britovi in wild boar in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Violeta Santrac, Drago N. Nedic, Jelena Maric, Sonja Nikolic, Oliver Stevanovic, Sasa Vasilev, Jelena Cvetkovic and Ljiljana Sofronic-Milosavljevic
From the journal Acta Parasitologica

Abstract

The Balkans is endemic for nematodes of the genus Trichinella in both domestic and wild animals. The high prevalence of these zoonotic pathogens in animals linked with the food habits to consume raw meat and meat derived products resulted in a very high prevalence of trichinellosis in humans living in this European region. In spite of numerous epidemiological investigations carried out in this region, very few information is available on the Trichinella species circulating in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Trichinella spp. larvae were isolated from a domestic pig reared in a backyard and from a hunted wild boar whose meat had been the source of trichinellosis in one case. Both Trichinella pseudospiralis and T. spiralis have been identified in the domestic pig, whereas, T. britovi was detected in the wild boar. While, T. spiralis is the Trichinella species most frequently detected in domestic pigs, T. pseudospiralis has been previously documented in domestic pigs only three times in Russia, Slovakia and Croatia. The detection of T. britovi in the wild boar confirms that this nematode is the most frequent species circulating among wildlife of Europe.

Keywords

Trichinella spiralis, Trichinella pseudospiralis, Trichinella britovi, Bosnia and Herzegovina, pig, wild boar

References

Balic D. 2014. 9th Workshop of National Reference Laboratories for parasites, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy, 19-20 May. http://www.iss.it/binary/crlp/cont/CROATIA_2014.pdf Search in Google Scholar

Beck R., Beck A., Lucinger S., Florijancic T., Boskovic I., Marinculic A. 2009a. Trichinella pseudospiralis in pig from Croatia. Veterinary Parasitology, 159, 304-307. DOI: 10.1016/ j.vetpar.2008.10.06710.1016/j.vetpar.2008.10.067Search in Google Scholar

Beck R., Beck A., Kusak J., Mihaljevic Z., Lucinger S., Zivicnjak T., Huber D., Gudan A., Marinculic A. 2009b. Trichinellosis in wolves from Croatia. Veterinary Parasitology, 159, 308-311. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2008.10.06810.1016/j.vetpar.2008.10.068Search in Google Scholar

Blaga R., Gherman C., Cozma V., Zocevic A., Pozio E., Boireau P. 2009. Trichinella species circulating among wild and domestic animals in Romania. Veterinary Parasitology, 159, 218-221. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2008.10.03410.1016/j.vetpar.2008.10.034Search in Google Scholar

Boutsini S., Papatsiros V.G., Stougiou D., Marucci G., Liandris E., Athanasiou L.V., Papadoudis A., Karagiozopoulos E., Bisias A., Pozio E. 2014. Emerging Trichinella britovi infections in free ranging pigs of Greece. Veterinary Parasitology 199, 278-282. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2013.10.00710.1016/j.vetpar.2013.10.007Search in Google Scholar

Britov V.A., 1997. Trichinosis in Kamchatka. Wiadomosci Parazytologiczne, 43, 287-28810.1093/hwj/1997.43.287Search in Google Scholar

Cuperlovic K., Djordjevic M., Pavlovic S. 2005. Re-emergence of trichinellosis in southeastern Europe due to political and economic changes. Veterinary Parasitology, 132, 159-166. DOI:10.1016/j.vetpar.2005.05.04710.1016/j.vetpar.2005.05.047Search in Google Scholar

Cvetkovic J., Teodorovic V., Marucci G., Vasilev D., Vasilev S., Cirovic D., Sofronic-Milosavljevic L. 2011. First report of Trichinella britovi in Serbia. Acta Parasitologica, 56, 232-235. DOI: 10.2478/s11686-011-0022-110.2478/s11686-011-0022-1Search in Google Scholar

Despotovic D., Ilic T., Trailovic D., Dimitrijevic S. 2013. Epizootiological characteristics of trichinellosis of domestic pigs in the Republic of Srpska. Arhiv veterinarske medicine, 6, 89-10110.46784/e-avm.v6i1.148Search in Google Scholar

Djordjevic M., Bacic M., Petricevic M., Cuperlovic K., Malakauskas A., Kapel C.M., Murrell K.D. 2003. Social, political, and economic factors responsible for the reemergence of trichinellosis in Serbia: a case study. Journal of Parasitology, 89, 226-23110.1645/0022-3395(2003)089[0226:SPAEFR]2.0.CO;2Search in Google Scholar

European Commission (2005) Regulation (EC) No 2075/2005 of 5 December 2005 laying down specific rules on official controls for Trichinella in meat. Official Journal of European Union L338, 60-82Search in Google Scholar

Hurnıkova Z., Snabel V., Pozio R., Reiterova K., Hrckova G., Halasova D., Dubinsky P. 2005. First record of Trichinella pseudospiralis in the Slovak Republic found in domestic focus. Veterinary Parasitology, 128, 91-98. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar. 2008.10.063Search in Google Scholar

Marinculic A., Gaspar A., Durakovic E., Pozio E., La Rosa G. 2001. Epidemiology of swine trichinellosis in the Republic of Croatia. Parasite 8, S92-S94. DOI.org/10.1051/parasite/2001 08s209210.1051/parasite/200108s2092Search in Google Scholar

Murrell K.D., Pozio E. 2000. Trichinellosis: the zoonosis that won’t go quietly. International Journal of Parasitology, 30, 1339-1349. DOI:10.1016/S0020-7519(00)00132-610.1016/S0020-7519(00)00132-6Search in Google Scholar

Murrell K.D., Pozio E. 2011. Worldwide occurrence and impact of human trichinellosis, 1986-2009. Emerging Infectious Diseases 17, 2194-202. DOI: 10.3201/eid1712.11089610.3201/eid1712.110896Search in Google Scholar

Ooi H.K., Kamiya M., Ohbayashi M. 1987. Cross resistance against challenge infection in mice infected with Trichinella spiralis or T. pseudospiralis. Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research 35, 87-97Search in Google Scholar

Pozio E., Murrell K.D. 2006. Systematics and epidemiology of Trichinella. Advances in. Parasitology, 63, 367-439. DOI: 10.1016/S0065-308X(06)63005-410.1016/S0065-308X(06)63005-4Search in Google Scholar

Pozio E. 2007. World distribution of Trichinella spp. infections in animals and humans. Veterinary Parasitology, 149, 3-21. DOI:10.1016/j.vetpar.2007.07.00210.1016/j.vetpar.2007.07.002Search in Google Scholar

Pozio E., Zarlenga D.S. 2013. New pieces of the Trichinella puzzle. International journal for parasitology, 43, 983-97. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpara.2013.05.01010.1016/j.ijpara.2013.05.010Search in Google Scholar

Pozio E., Rinaldi L., Marucci G., Musella V., Galati F., Cringoli G., Boireau P., La Rosa G. 2009. Hosts and habitats o Trichinella spiralis and Trichinella britovi in Europe. International Journal for Parasitology, 39, 71-79. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpara. 2008.06.006Search in Google Scholar

Ravlija J., Puvaci S., Puvacić Z., Curić I. 2006. Epidemiological characteristics of trichinosis in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Medicinski Arhiv, 60, 251-4Search in Google Scholar

Vasilev S., Cvetkovic J., Radovic I., Sofronic-Milosavljevic Lj. 2012. Identification of the Trichinella species by PCR method, Veterinarski glasnik, 66: 41-47. DOI:10.2298/VETGL1202041V Teodorović V., Vasilev D., Ćirović D., Marković M., Ćosić N., Djurić S., Djurković-Djaković O. 2014. The wolf (Canis lupus) as an indicator species for the sylvatic Trichinella cycle in the Central Balkans. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 50, 911-915. DOI: 10.7589/2013-12-33310.7589/2013-12-333Search in Google Scholar

Sofronic-Milosavljevic Lj., Djordjevic M., Plavsic B., Grgic B. 2013. Trichinella infection in Serbia in the first decade of the twenty-first century. Veterinary Parasitology, 194, 145-149. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2013.01.04210.1016/j.vetpar.2013.01.042Search in Google Scholar

Zarlenga D.S. 1994. The application of repetitive DNA probes in assessing the potential for hybridization between Trichinella nativa and Trichinella spiralis in Biochemistry and molecular Biology. In: (Eds. W.C. Campbell, E. Pozio, F. Bruschi), Trichinellosis, Proceedings of the Right International Conference on Trichinellosis, 7-10 September, 1993, Orvieto, Italy. Istituto Superiore di Sanita`Press, Rome, Italy, 117-122Search in Google Scholar

Zivojinovic M., Sofronic-Milosavljevic Lj., Cvetkovic J., Pozio E., Interisano M., Plavsic B., Radojicic S., Kulisic Z. 2013. Trichinella infections in different host species of an endemic district of Serbia. Veterinary Parasitology, 194, 136-138. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2013.01.03910.1016/j.vetpar.2013.01.039Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2014-12-8
Revised: 2015-2-5
Accepted: 2015-3-19
Published Online: 2015-6-16
Published in Print: 2015-9-1

© W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, PAS