Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter June 16, 2015

New species of Prosotocus (Digenea; Pleurogenidae) and other helminths in Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis (Anura: Dicroglossidae) from Punjab, India

Charles R. Bursey, Anjum N. Rizvi and Pallab Maity
From the journal Acta Parasitologica


Prosotocus punjabensis sp. nov. (Digenea, Pleurogenidae) from the intestine of the water skipper, Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis (Anura, Dicroglossidae), from Punjab, India is described and illustrated. Prosotocus punjabensis sp. nov. is the 13th Oriental species assigned to the genus and is separated from its congeners based upon the morphology of the vitellaria and cecal terminations. In addition, E. cyanophlyctis was found to harbour three species of Nematoda, Aplectana macintoshii, Cosmocerca kalesari and an unidentified species assigned to Cosmocerca


Agrawal V. 1964. A trematode, Prosotocus mastacembeli n. sp. (Subfamily Prosotocinae Yamaguti, 1958) from the intestine of a fresh water fish, Mastacembelus armatus (Lacep.) from Lucknow. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 31, 219-222Search in Google Scholar

Bhardwaj O.N. 1963. Morphology and taxonomy of 3 new species belonging to the subfamily Prosotocinae Yamaguti, 1958 (Fam. Lecithodendriidae: Trematoda). Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Section B, 33, 345-354Search in Google Scholar

Brinesh R., Janardanan K.P. 2014. The life history of Pleurogenoides malampuzhensis sp. nov. (Digenea: Pleurogenidae) from amphibious and aquatic hosts in Kerala, India. Journal of Helminthology, 88, 230-236. DOI: 10.1017/S0022d149X13 000084Search in Google Scholar

Bursey C.R., Rizvi A.N., Maity P. 2014. New species of Gorgoderina (Digenea; Gorgoderidae) and other helminths in Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis (Anura: Dicroglossidae) from Dehradun (Uttarakhand), India. Acta Parasitologica, 59, 606-609. DOI: 10.2478/s11686-014-0291-610.2478/s11686-014-0291-6Search in Google Scholar

Buttner A. 1951. La progenese chez le trematodes digenetiques recherches personelles surduex especes progenetiques déjà connues. Ratzia joyeusi (Brumpt, 1922) et Plelurogenes medians (Olss., 1876). Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée, 22, 319-333Search in Google Scholar

Fischthal J.H., Thomas J.D. 1968. Digenetic trematodes of amphibians and reptiles from Ghana. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 35, 1-15Search in Google Scholar

Frost D.R. 2014. Amphibian species of the world: an online reference. Version 6.0. Electronic database accessible at http://research. American Museum of Natural History, New York. Accessed 12 November 2014Search in Google Scholar

Goldberg S.R., Bursey C.R., Kraus F. 2013. Endoparasites of six species of ranid and one species of myobatrachid frog, with a review of anuran endoparasites from Papua New Guinea. Comparative Parasitology, 80, 259-278. DOI: 10.1654/ 4638.110.1654/4638.1Search in Google Scholar

Grabda B. 1958. Pleurogenes intermedius Isaitchikoff, 1926 and Prosotocus mirabilis sp. n. (Trematoda, Lecithodendriidae) in Poland. Acta Parasitologica Polonica, 6, 433-445Search in Google Scholar

Gupta V., Jain N. 1992. On two species of the genus Prosotocus Looss, 1899 (Subfamily Prosotocinae Yamaguti, 1958) from the intestine of a common Indian frog, Rana tigrina (Daudin) from Lucknow, India. Rivista di Parassitologia, 53, 323-331Search in Google Scholar

Hafeezullah M., Dutta I.B. 1985. Studies on some trematodes (Digenea: Lecithodendriidae) of Pisces and Amphibia from East Coast of India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 7, 69-82 Holt B.G., Lessard J.-P., Borregaard M.K., Fritz S.A., Araújo M.B., Dimitorv D., Fabre P.-H., Graham C.H., Gaves G.R., Jonsson K.A., Nogués-Bravo D., Wang Z, Whittaker R.J., Fjeldsa, J., Rahbek C. 2013. An update of Wallace’s zoogeographic regions of the world. Science, 339, 74-78. DOI: 10.1126/science. 1228282Search in Google Scholar

Janardanan K.P., Prasadan P.K. 1991. Studies on the life-cycle of Pleurogenoides ovatus Rao, 1977 (Trematoda: Pleurogenetinae). Journal of Helminthology, 65, 43-5010.1017/S0022149X00010427Search in Google Scholar

Kaw B.L. 1943. Studies on the helmnth parasites of Kashmir. Part II. On two new trematodes of the subfamily, Pleurogenetinae Looss (1899) with a review of the genus Pleurogenes Looss (1896). Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Section B, 18, 97-108.10.1007/BF03049652Search in Google Scholar

Looss A. 1894. Die distomen unserer Fische und Frösche. Bibliotheca Zoologica, 16, 1-296Search in Google Scholar

Macy R.W. 1964. Life cycle of the digenetic trematode Pleurogenoides tener (Looss, 1898) (Lecithodendriide). Journal of Parasitology, 50, 564-56810.2307/3275621Search in Google Scholar

Madhavi R. Dhanumkumari C.H., Ratnakumari T.B. 1987. The life history of Pleurogenoides orientalis (Srivastava, 1934) (Trematoda: Lecithodendriidae). Parasitology Research, 73, 41-7510.1007/BF00536334Search in Google Scholar

Madhavi R., Ratnakumari T.B. 1989. Growth and development of Pleurogenoides orientalis (Srivastava, 1934) (Trematoda: Lecithodendriidae) in the intermediate and definitive hosts. Systematic Parasitology, 13, 25-3410.1007/BF00006948Search in Google Scholar

Mathias P. 1924. Contribution l’etude du cycle evolif d’un trematode de la famille de Pleurogenetinae Looss. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, 49, 375-377Search in Google Scholar

Mehra H.R., Negi P.S. 1928. Trematode parasites of the Pleurogenetinae from Rana tigrina with revision and synopsis of the subfamily. Allahabad University Studies, 4, 60-105Search in Google Scholar

Murhar B.M. 1960. On a new trematode, Prosotocus dorsoporus (Subfamily Prosotocinae Yamaguti 1958), from common Indian frog, Rana tigrina Daud. Bulletin Zoological Society College of Science Nagpur (India), 3, 67-72Search in Google Scholar

Neuhaus W. 1941. Entwicklung und Biologie von Pleurogenes medians Olss. Zoologische Jalrbuecher Systematic, 74, 207-242Search in Google Scholar

Okabe K., Shibue H. 1951. The second intermediate host of Pleurogenes japonicus Yamaguti. Japanese Medical Association Journal, 4, 401-41010.7883/yoken1948.4.401Search in Google Scholar

Pande B.P. 1937. P. himalayai n. sp., a frog trematode (Lecithodendriidae). Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, India, 7, 202-204Search in Google Scholar

Rao R. 1977. On a new species of Prosotocus Travassos, 1921 (Lecithodendriidae Odhner, 1910) and P. sitapurii, Srivastava, 1934, from frogs in Hyderabad. Rivissta di Parassitologia, 38, 23-30Search in Google Scholar

Rizvi A.N., Bhutia P.T. 2013. Helminth parasites of Amphibia: In: Fauna of Kalesar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary, Haryana, Conservation Area Series no 48, Zoological Survey of India Kolkata, 205-213Search in Google Scholar

Rizvi A.N., Bursey C.R., Bhutia P.T. 2011. Cosmocerca kalesari sp. nov. (Nematoda, Cosmocercidae) in Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis (Amphibia, Anura) from Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary, Haryana, India. Acta Parasitologica, 56, 202-207. DOI: 10.2478/s11686-011-0028-810.2478/s11686-011-0028-8Search in Google Scholar

Sharma A.K. 1988. The morphology of a new trematode Prosotocus kherai sp. nov. Geobios New Reports, 71, 55-56Search in Google Scholar

Shibue H. 1953. The first intermediate host of a frog trematode Pleurogenes japonicus Yamaguti. Japanese Journal of Medical Science and Biology, 6, 213-22010.7883/yoken1952.6.213Search in Google Scholar

Srivastava, H. D. 1933. On new trematodes of frogs and fishes of the United Provinces, India. Part II. Three new trematodes of the sub-family Pleurogenetinae (Family Lecithodendriidae) from Rana cyanophlyctis of Oudh. Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh Allahabad, 3, 99-112Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2015-2-27
Revised: 2015-3-3
Accepted: 2015-3-25
Published Online: 2015-6-16
Published in Print: 2015-9-1

© W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, PAS