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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter September 25, 2015

Risk factors of occurrence of Toxoplasma gondii among horses in the state of Alagoas, Brazil

Sandra R. Fonseca de Araújo Valença, Rômulo M. Barreto Valença, José Wilton Pinheiro Júnior, Pedro P. Feitosa de Albuquerque, Orestes L. Souza Neto and Rinaldo Aparecido Mota
From the journal Acta Parasitologica

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the occurrence of Toxoplasma gondii among horses and its associated risk factors in Alagoas, Brazil. In total, 440 samples from 36 properties in 23 districts of the state of Alagoas were studied, covering the Leste, Agreste and Sertão mesoregions. Risk factors were evaluated through the application of an investigative questionnaire that focused on the productive, reproductive and sanitary management of herds. T. gondii infection were assayed using the immunofluorescence assay (IFA) with a cutoff point of 64; 14.4% (95% CI: 11.0%-17.8%) of - horses were seropositive. A significant association was determined between anti-T. gondii antibody presence and the consumption and storage of hay (OR = 2.08 / 95% CI: 1.20-3.62). This is the first report of T. gondii infection among horses in the state of Alagoas, Brazil.

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Received: 2015-2-23
Revised: 2015-5-11
Accepted: 2015-5-26
Published Online: 2015-9-25
Published in Print: 2015-12-1

W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, PAS