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A taxonomic review of hymenolepidids (Eucestoda, Hymenolepididae) from dormice (Rodentia, Gliridae), with descriptions of two new species

Arseny A. Makarikov
From the journal Acta Parasitologica

Abstract

In present study the systematic and taxonomic position of hymenolepidids parasitizing rodents of the family Gliridae from Europe and Central Asia is discussed. Hymenolepis myoxi is redescribed on the basis of the type material from the fat dormouse Glis glis deposited in the collection of the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, Germany. Significant corrections of morphologically distinctive characters attributable to H. myoxi include: (1) recognition of a rudimentary rostellar apparatus; (2) absence of rostellar hooks and spination on the suckers; and (3) tissues of the scolex and neck filled with numerous “firm elements”. Hymenolepis sulcata was recognised as a synonym of H. myoxi (sensu stricto). The generic allocation of true H. myoxi and validity of the genus Armadolepis is clarified. Specimens from Eliomys quercinus originally designated as H. myoxi by Baer (1932) are described as a new species, Armadolepis jeanbaeri n. sp. The taxonomy has potentially been confused as Spassky (1954) designated misidentified specimens of H. myoxi sensu Baer (1932) as the type species of the genus Armadolepis. In the current article, this error is corrected and A. jeanbaeri n. sp. is fixed as the type of the genus Armadolepis. An additional new species of Armadolepis, A. tenorai n. sp., is described from Dryomys nitedula from Almaty Province, Kazakhstan. The generic diagnosis of Armadolepis is amended. Armadolepis (sensu stricto) is subdivided into two subgenera; the nominotypical subgenus includes species having well developed rostellar apparatus armed by rostellar hooks and A. (Bremserilepis) n. subgen. includes species with rudimentary and unarmed rostellar apparatus.

Funding statement: A substantial portion of the work was funded by the by the Russian Fund for Fundamental Research (Project No. 14-04-00871-a and 17-04-00238). Further support for AAM was provided by the Federal Fundamental Scientific Research Program for 2013-2020 (VI.51.1.7.). This study was funded in part by the US National Science Foundation grants DEB 0818696 and 0818823

Compliance with ethical standards

  1. Conflict of interest statement. The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.

    Ethical approval. The author carefully reviewed the ethical standards of the journal and hereby certifies that the procedures used with the investigated species comply fully with those standards. The methods used in the current study were approved by the ethics committee of the Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Novosibirsk, Russia (ISEA).

Acknowledgements

I wish to thank the curators of the helminthological collections, Dr. Birger Neuhaus (Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, Germany) and Dr. Jean Mariaux (Natural History Museum, Geneva, Switzerland) for assistance in assembling cestode specimens for the current study. I also thank Dr. Helmut Sattmann (Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria) for assistance in obtaining critical literature and for providing valuable comments on the biography of J. Bremser. Dr. Voitto Haukisalmi (Finnish Museum of Natural History, Helsinki, Finland) provided the information about voucher specimens from dormice. I am grateful to Dr. Anatoly V. Barkalov (ISEA) who kindly discussed issues of zoological nomenclature for the present study. Dr. Vasyl Tkach (University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, USA) shared access to unpublished data on genetic diversity of Armadolepis. I sincerely thank Dr. Eric P. Hoberg (U.S. National Parasite Collection, Beltsville, MD, USA) and Dr. Boyko B. Georgiev (Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria) for their useful comments and checking the English in the manuscript. Helminths from rodents from southeastern Kazakhstan were collected within the framework of a comprehensive expedition which was organized in 2012 by Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals SB RAS. I am grateful to Dr. Victor V. Glupov and Dr. Anatoly V. Barkalov for their great contribution in organization of the comprehensive expedition.

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Received: 2016-3-31
Revised: 2016-8-23
Accepted: 2016-8-26
Published Online: 2016-12-28
Published in Print: 2017-3-1

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