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Ten new species of BrueeliaKéler, 1936 (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera: Philopteridae) from nuthatches (Aves: Passeriformes: Sittidae), tits and chickadees (Paridae), and goldcrests (Regulidae)

Daniel R. Gustafsson, Xingzhi Chu, Sarah E. Bush and Fasheng Zou
From the journal Acta Parasitologica

Abstract

Ten new species of chewing lice in the genus BrueeliaKéler, 1936, are described from hosts in the families Paridae, Regulidae, and Sittidae. They are: Brueelia johnsoni n. sp. from Poecile sclateri eidos (Peters, 1927); Brueelia juniperi n. sp. from Baeolophus ridgwayi ridgwayi (Richmond, 1902); Brueelia kabulica n. sp. from Sitta tephronota tephronota Sharpe, 1872; Brueelia mpumalangensis n. sp. from Melaniparus niger niger (Vieillot, 1818); Brueelia nazae n. sp. from Parus cinereus caschmirensis Hartert, 1905; Brueelia oxyrhyncha n. sp. from Sitta nagaensis nagaensis Godwin-Austen, 1874; Brueelia picea. sp. from Parus major excelsus Buvry, 1857; Brueelia ragusica n. sp. from Sitta neumayer neumayer Michahelles, 1830; Brueelia regulicida n. sp. from Regulus calendula grinnelli Palmer, 1897; Brueelia sittacola n. sp. from Sitta carolinensis carolinensis Latham, 1790. Brueelia regulicida is the first Brueelia-complex louse to be described from the host family Regulidae. Collectively, the Brueelia of parid, regulid, and sittid hosts show two peculiar patterns. Firstly, lice on closely related hosts appear to be distantly related. Secondly, lice on most hosts in these families appear to be more closely related to lice on other host families than to each other. This contradicts the traditional view that Brueelia-complex lice on closely related hosts are themselves closely related. Potentially, the tendency of the hosts to participate in mixed-species feeding flocks may explain some of these patterns.

Acknowledgements

Work was supported by grant 36/07 1.4 from the Swedish Taxonomy Initiative, grant NSF-DEB-105706, the Introduction of Full-time High-level Talent Fund of the Guangdong Academy of Sciences grant 2018GDASCX-0809 to DRG, and Guangdong Forestry Special Project grant 0877-16GZTP01D060 and National Natural Science Foundation of China grant 31672265 to FZ. We would like to thank Paul Brown (Natural History Museum, London, UK), who prepared a huge loan of Brueelia-specimens, on which many of the species described herein are based. Two anonymous reviewers provided helpful comments on this manuscript, for which we are grateful.

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Received: 2018-02-02
Revised: 2018-04-11
Accepted: 2018-04-13
Published Online: 2018-07-04
Published in Print: 2018-09-25

© 2018 W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, PAS