Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter July 4, 2018

Anti-Neospora caninum antibodies in feral cats on the Island of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil

Débora Costa Viegas de Lima, Fernando Jorge Rodrigues Magalhães, Muller Ribeiro Andrade, José Givanildo da Silva, Eduardo Guelfer Ferrer de Morais, Carlos Diógenes Ferreira de Lima Filho, Wagner José Nascimento Porto and Rinaldo Aparecido Mota
From the journal Acta Parasitologica

Abstract

Neospora caninum is a protozoan responsible for abortions, stillbirths (mainly among cattle) and neuromuscular diseases in dogs. Its importance in wild species and its impact on the environmental preservation of different ecosystems have been little described. This study aimed to investigate the presence of anti-N. caninum antibodies in feral cats on the island of Fernando de Noronha and contribute epidemiological data on this disease in these animals and its impact on the environmental preservation of the island. Serum samples from 257 feral cats on the island were analyzed through the Neospora agglutination test (NAT) to search for anti-Neospora caninum antibodies. Among the 257 serum samples analyzed, 8 (3.11%) were positive in the NAT. The antibody titers were 20 in seven animals (87.5%) and 40 in one animal (12.5%). These results demonstrate that feral cats are exposed to infection by N. caninum on the island of Fernando de Noronha, at a low frequency. Greater knowledge on this infection in this animal species in this insular environment is important for elucidating its impact on the conservation of species and the maintenance of this parasite on the island.

References

André M.R., Adania C.H., Teixeira R.H.F., Silva K.F., Jusi Machado S.T.Z.C., et al. 2010. Antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum in Captive Neotropical and Exotic Wild Canids and Felids. Journal of Parasitology, 96, 1007–1009. 10.1645/GE-2502.1Search in Google Scholar

Arunvipas P., Inpankaew T., Jittapalapong S. Risk factors of Neospora caninum infection in dogs and cats in dairy farms in Western Thailand. 2012. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 44, 1117–1121. 10.1007/s11250-011-0048-2Search in Google Scholar

Bresciani K.D.S., Gennari S.M., Serrano A.C.M., Rodrigues A.A., Ueno T., Franco L.G., et al. 2007. Antibodies to Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii in domestic cats from Brazil. Parasitology Research, 100, 281–285. 10.1007/s00436-006-0262-4Search in Google Scholar

Braga M.S.C.O., André M.R., Jusi M.M.G. Occurrence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii and anti-Neospora caninum antibodies in cats with outdoor acess in São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil. 2012. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, 21, 107–111. 10.1590/S1984-29612012000200007Search in Google Scholar

Coelho W.M., Amarante A.F., Apolinario J.D.E., De Lima V.M., Perri S.H., Bresciani K.D. 2011. Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum and Leishmania spp. Infection and risk factors for cats from Brazil. Parasitology Research, 109, 4. 10.1007/s00436-011-2461-xSearch in Google Scholar

Dubey J.P., Lindsay D.S. 1989. Transplacental Neospora caninum infection in cats. Journal of Parasitology, 75, 765–7110.2307/3283062Search in Google Scholar

Dubey J.P., Lindsay C.P., Lipscomb T.P. 1990. Neosporosis in cats. Veterinary Pathology, 27, 335–339. 10.1177/030098589002700505Search in Google Scholar

Dubey J.P., Lindsay D.S., Hill D. Romand S., Thulliez P., Kwok O.C., et al. 2002. Prevalence of contrabodies to Neospora caninum and Sarcocystis neurona in sera of domestic cats from Brazil. Journal of Parasitology, 88, 1251–1252. 10.1645/0022-3395(2002)088[1251:POATNC]2.0.CO;2Search in Google Scholar

Dubey J.P., Schares G., Ortega-Mora L.M. 2007. Epidemiology and control of neosporosis and Neospora caninum. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 20, 323–67. 10.1128/CMR.00031-06Search in Google Scholar

Feitosa T.F., Vilela V.L.R., Dantas E.S., Souto D.V.O., Pena H.F.J., Athayde A.C.R., Azevêdo S.S. 2014. Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum in domestic cats from the Brazilian semiarid: seroprevalence and risk factors. Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, 66, 1060–1066. 10.1590/1678-6696Search in Google Scholar

Hornok S., Edelhofer R., Joachim A., Farkas R., Berta K., Répási A., Lakatos B. 2008. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum infection of cats in Hungary. Acta Veterinaria Hungara, 56, 81–8. 10.1556/AVet.56.2008.1.8Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Magalhães F.J.R., Ribeiro-Andrade M., Souza F.M, Lima Filho C.D.F., Biondo A.W., Vidotto O., et al. 2017. Seroprevalence and spatial distribution of Toxoplasma gondii infection in cats, dogs, pigs and equines of the Fernando de Noronha Island, Brazil. Parasitology International, 66, 43–46. 10.1016/j.parint.2016.11.014Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Romand S., Thulliez P., Dubey J.P. 1998. Direct agglutination test for serologic diagnosis of Neospora caninum infection. Parasitology Research, 84: 50–5310.1007/s004360050355Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Silva D.A.O. 2006. Infecção por Toxoplasma gondii e Neospora caninum em cães e lobos-guarás: soroepidemiologia e imunodi-agnóstico [Tese]. Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, MG 9. (In Spanish)Search in Google Scholar

Spencer J.A., Higginbotham M.J., Blagburn B.L. 2003. Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii in captive and free-ranging nondomestic felids in the United States. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 34, 246–249. 10.1638/02-046Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Received: 2018-01-05
Revised: 2018-03-26
Accepted: 2018-04-04
Published Online: 2018-07-04
Published in Print: 2018-09-25

© 2018 W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, PAS