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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter July 4, 2018

First identification of Echinococcus multilocularis in golden jackals in Croatia

Magda Sindičić, Miljenko Bujanić, Iva Štimac, Franjo Martinković, Nikolina Tuškan, Marina Špehar and Dean Konjević
From the journal Acta Parasitologica

Abstract

Alveolar echinococcosis, caused by the tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis, is one of the world’s most dangerous zoonosis and an emerging disease with growing incidence in humans. The disease has been reported in new areas and host species in the last two decades, and the primary hosts of the parasite – red fox, golden jackal and grey wolf – are expanding their distribution in Europe. Here we report the morphological and molecular identification of Echinococcus multilocularis tapeworms in one of 29 carcasses of adult golden jackals in Croatia, where the only previous report of the parasite was in red foxes in 2016. These results suggest that alveolar echinococcosis should be treated as an emerging disease in Croatia.

Acknowledgements

This work was funded by the Croatian Science Foundation, project ‘Molecular epidemiology of selected parasitic diseases of wildlife’, code 3421.

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Received: 2017-10-15
Revised: 2018-04-30
Accepted: 2018-05-02
Published Online: 2018-07-04
Published in Print: 2018-09-25

© 2018 W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, PAS