Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter June 29, 2020

Keeping the Friend in Epicurean Friendship

Thomas Carnes ORCID logo
From the journal Apeiron

Abstract

There seems to be universal agreement among Epicurean scholars that friendship characterized by other-concern is conceptually incompatible with Epicureanism understood as a directly egoistic theory. I reject this view. I argue that once we properly understand the nature of friendship and the Epicurean conception of our final end, we are in a position to demonstrate friendship’s compatibility with, and centrality within, Epicureanism’s direct egoism.


Corresponding author: Thomas Carnes, Department of English and Philosophy, United States Military Academy, West Point, NY, 10996, USA, E-mail:

References

Annas, J. 1987. “Epicurus on Pleasure and Happiness.” Philosophical Topics 15: 5–21, https://doi.org/10.5840/philtopics19871521. Search in Google Scholar

Annas, J. 1993. The Morality of Happiness. New York: Oxford University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Badhwar, N. K. 1987. “Friends as Ends in Themselves.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 48: 1–23, https://doi.org/10.2307/2107703. Search in Google Scholar

Brown, E. 2002. “Epicurus on the Value of Friendship (Sententia Vaticana 23).” Classical Philology 97: 68–80, https://doi.org/10.1086/449568. Search in Google Scholar

Cooper, J. 1999. Reason and Emotion. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Evans, M. 2004. “Can Epicureans Be Friends?.” Ancient Philosophy 24: 407–24, https://doi.org/10.5840/ancientphil200424250. Search in Google Scholar

Inwood, B., and L.P. Gerson. 1997. Hellenistic Philosophy. Indianapolis: Hackett. Search in Google Scholar

Korsgaard, C. 1996. “Two Distinctions in Goodness.” In Creating the Kingdom of Ends, edited by C. Korsgaard, 249–76. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Search in Google Scholar

McPherson, L. 2002. “The Moral Insignificance of “Bare” Personal Reasons.” Philosophical Studies 110: 29–47, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1019864618762. Search in Google Scholar

Mitsis, P. 1988. Epicurus’ Ethical Theory: The Pleasures of Invulnerability. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Search in Google Scholar

O’Connor, D. 1989. “The Invulnerable Pleasures of Epicurean Friendship.” Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 30: 165–89. Search in Google Scholar

O’Keefe, T. 2001. “Is Epicurean Friendship Altruistic?” Apeiron 34: 269–304, https://doi.org/10.1515/APEIRON.2001.34.4.269. Search in Google Scholar

O’Keefe, T. 2014. Epicureanism. New York: Routledge. Search in Google Scholar

Rossi, B. 2017. “Squaring the Epicurean Circle: Friendship and Happiness in the Garden.” Ancient Philosophy 37: 153–68. https://doi.org/10.5840/ancientphil20173718. Search in Google Scholar

Scheffler, S. 1997. “Relationships and Responsibilities.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 26: 189–209, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1088-4963.1997.tb00053.x. Search in Google Scholar

Stocker, M. 1976. “The Schizophrenia of Modern Ethical Theories.” The Journal of Philosophy 73: 453–66, https://doi.org/10.2307/2025782. Search in Google Scholar

Stump, E. 2006. “Love, by All Accounts.” Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 80: 25–43. Search in Google Scholar

Williams, B. 1981. “Persons, Character, and Morality”, Moral Luck Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1–19. Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2020-06-29
Published in Print: 2021-07-27

© 2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston